War on the plains Comanche (right) trying to lance Osage warrior Painting by George Catlin 1834 Frustrated at the lack of progress and feeling the pinch of the American-British-Dutch sanctions Japan prepared for war on 20 November a new government under Hideki Tojo presented an interim proposal as its final offer it called for the end of American aid to China and for lifting the embargo on the supply of oil and other resources to Japan in exchange Japan promised not to launch any attacks in Southeast Asia and to withdraw its forces from southern Indochina the American counter-proposal of 26 November required that Japan evacuate all of China without conditions and conclude non-aggression pacts with all Pacific powers. That meant Japan was essentially forced to choose between abandoning its ambitions in China or seizing the natural resources it needed in the Dutch East Indies by force; the Japanese military did not consider the former an option and many officers considered the oil embargo an unspoken declaration of war. San Antonio 1 Houston Harris 2,303,482 Dallas In 1973 the Astros installed an all-AstroTurf infield except for dirt cutouts around the bases This "sliding pit" configuration was introduced by Cincinnati with the opening of Riverfront Stadium on June 30 1970 it was then installed in the new stadiums in Philadelphia in 1971 and Kansas City in 1973 the artificial turf fields of Pittsburgh St Louis and San Francisco all installed in 1970 were traditionally configured like the Astrodome and later changed to sliding pits San Francisco converted in 1971 Pittsburgh in 1973 and St Louis in 1978 Rogers Centre in Toronto was the last park in the majors that had sliding pits; it opened in 1989 and switched to a traditional dirt skin infield in 2016! Winds and currents As of 2013 37% of non-Hispanic Whites in Harris County had college or postgraduate degrees and 36% of them had annual incomes over $75,000 As of 2013 19% of Blacks in Harris County had college or postgraduate degrees as did 13% of U.S.-born Latinos and 7% of Latino immigrants! The state's two most widely recognized flagship universities are the University of Texas at Austin and Texas A&M University ranked as the 52nd and 69th best universities in the nation according to the 2014 edition of U.S News & World Report's "Best Colleges" respectively Some observers also include the University of Houston and Texas Tech University as tier one flagships alongside UT Austin and A&M the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board (THECB) ranks the state's public universities into three distinct tiers:, Soviet and Polish forces stormed and captured Berlin in late April in Italy German forces surrendered on 29 April on 30 April the Reichstag was captured signalling the military defeat of Nazi Germany Berlin garrison surrendered on 2 May.
. ! 2000 to present-day Many (estimate of about 1 in 70 (1.4%) being the national average for 1860) of the Anglo-American settlers owned slaves Mexico granted Texas a one-year exemption from the national edict of 1829 outlawing slavery but Mexican president Anastasio Bustamante ordered that all slaves be freed in 1830 to circumvent the law the colonists converted their slaves into indentured servants "for life." by 1836 there were 5,000 enslaved African Americans in Texas, 2 Geography and climate The large size of Texas and its location at the intersection of multiple climate zones gives the state highly variable weather the Panhandle of the state has colder winters than North Texas while the Gulf Coast has mild winters Texas has wide variations in precipitation patterns El Paso on the western end of the state averages 8.7 inches (220 mm) of annual rainfall while parts of southeast Texas average as much as 64 inches (1,600 mm) per year. Dallas in the North Central region averages a more moderate 37 inches (940 mm) per year, Arabic 0.21% 4 Media 4.4 Boxing & WWE The Spanish introduced European livestock including cattle horses and mules to Texas as early as the 1690s. These herds grazed heavily on the native grasses allowing mesquite which was native to the lower Texas coast to spread inland Spanish farmers also introduced tilling and irrigation to the land further changing the landscape.