. ; . .
Houston's murder rate ranked 46th of U.S cities with a population over 250,000 in 2005 (per capita rate of 16.3 murders per 100,000 population) in 2010 the city's murder rate (per capita rate of 11.8 murders per 100,000 population) was ranked sixth among U.S cities with a population of over 750,000 (behind New York City Chicago Detroit Dallas and Philadelphia) according to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), Rice University The recorded history of Texas begins with the arrival of the first Spanish conquistadors in the region of North America now known as Texas in 1519 who found the region occupied by numerous Native American tribes the Native Americans' ancestors had been there for more than 10,000 years as evidenced by the discovery of the remains of prehistoric Leanderthal Lady During the period of recorded history from A.D 1519 to 1848 all or parts of Texas were claimed by five countries: France Spain Mexico the Republic of Texas and the United States of America as well as the confederacy during the the civil war, Texas's controversial alternative affirmative action plan Texas House Bill 588 guarantees Texas students who graduated in the top 10 percent of their high school class automatic admission to state-funded universities the bill encourages demographic diversity while avoiding problems stemming from the Hopwood v Texas (1996) case. Main article: Mediterranean and Middle East theatre of World War II, Despite considerable losses in early 1942 Germany and its allies stopped a major Soviet offensive in central and southern Russia keeping most territorial gains they had achieved during the previous year in May the Germans defeated Soviet offensives in the Kerch Peninsula and at Kharkov and then launched their main summer offensive against southern Russia in June 1942 to seize the oil fields of the Caucasus and occupy Kuban steppe while maintaining positions on the northern and central areas of the front the Germans split Army Group South into two groups: Army Group a advanced to the lower Don River and struck south-east to the Caucasus while Army Group B headed towards the Volga River the Soviets decided to make their stand at Stalingrad on the Volga. 5 References At the end of September 1940 the Tripartite Pact formally united Japan Italy and Germany as the Axis Powers the Tripartite Pact stipulated that any country with the exception of the Soviet Union which attacked any Axis Power would be forced to go to war against all three the Axis expanded in November 1940 when Hungary Slovakia and Romania joined. Romania and Hungary would make major contributions to the Axis war against the Soviet Union in Romania's case partially to recapture territory ceded to the Soviet Union, Texas lies at the juncture of two major cultural spheres of Pre-Columbian North America the Southwestern and the Plains areas the area now covered by Texas was occupied by three major indigenous cultures which had reached their developmental peak before the arrival of European explorers and are known from archaeology These are:! 1990 saw the opening of Houston Intercontinental Airport's new 12-gate Mickey Leland International Airlines terminal named after the recently deceased Houston congressman in 1991 Sakowitz stores shut down; the Sakowitz brothers had brought their original store from Galveston to Houston in 1911 August 10 1991 saw a redrawing of districts for city council so that minority groups could be better represented in the city council 1993 saw the G8 visiting to discuss world issues and zoning was defeated for a third time by voters in November, Greenhouse gases Playing surface, 4.3 Texas Convention of 1836 Beginning during the 4th millennium BC the population of Texas increased despite a changing climate and the extinction of giant mammals Many pictograms from this era drawn on the walls of caves or on rocks are visible in the state including at Hueco Tanks and Seminole Canyon!